Crime and Disorder SIG
This SIG was formed in recognition of the increasing use of geographic information and desktop mapping applications for the measuring and analysis of patterns of crime and disorder.
The aim of the SIG is to share expertise on crime and disorder mapping techniques, discuss concepts, present best practice, exchange ideas, and offer leadership and guidance on the use of geographic information, crime mapping methods, geographic profiling and crime pattern analysis.
The SIG is targeted towards audiences who employ or have a need to employ GIS and mapping technology for crime and disorder. This audience includes community safety teams, intelligence management reporting units, crime analysis and intelligence units, and research centres. The Group is user focused, with vendor input where the SIG's community can benefit from knowledge of new technology and application developments.
The Importance of Crime Mapping
A crime or disorder incident is a spatial event. It has a location, and can often be described by its type of offence and the date and time when the offence was committed. Why an incident occurs at a particular place may be influenced by the attraction of potential targets at a specific location or the simple geographic convenience for an offender to commit an offence at a particular location. To help understand where and why crimes or incidents of disorder occur, maps of crime and disorder events can be used to direct the targeting, deployment and allocation of crime reduction resources to areas of vulnerability. Maps showing patterns or hotspots of crime can present effective visual images that can help people to more effectively understand the crime distribution and explore possible causal links to criminal activity.